United Nations Security Council (UNSC)
Maintaining the International Peace and Security: Addressing the Threat of Cyber Warfare
UNSC is one of the six main organs of the United Nations under primary responsibility to maintain peace and security. UNSC has distinctive characteristics which lie upon the ultimate power of veto right owned by its five permanent members and the role of ten non-permanent members which have two-year terms of service. The council has the authority to determine the existence of a threat or aggression that might threaten world peace.
With great power comes great responsibility. Amidst the high pace of technological and digital development, there comes a new issue which can threaten the world in the realm of cyber space. The 21st Century provides a new era of war development as it also encompasses cyber-attacks as an instrument of war. The almost untouchable cyber-attack becomes a big issue and has become a trend for traitors of peace—be it state actors and non-state actors. It has immense potential to shut down the integral system of public services, hack down national data security, and destruct military instrument and the system through espionage and sabotage. In the duty of maintaining international peace and security, it has become the responsibility of the United Nations Security Council to address the issues that causes instability among countries. The council will discuss the notion of how cyber-attacks and cyber warfare can be further addressed and to prevent the attacks from state and non-state actors through better approach and solutions than ever before.
Fikri Abirawa is a law student at Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. He has amassed a vast amount of experience in his past MUN endeavours, nationally and internationally, include his participation in the AMUNC 2017 in the council of UNHRC as a delegate, AMUNC 2018 as Director of the Council of Assembly of African Union and Head Director of UNSC at Asia World MUN 2018. Outside attending his classes and doing MUN conferences, he enjoys reading, sports, and playing musical instruments as his main hobby. Furthermore, he is highly dedicated to advancing his knowledge regarding human rights issues, especially in his country and would appreciate and address any inquiries regarding Indonesian human rights.
Muhammad Ilham Razak is a third-year International Relations student in President University. His first shot of MUN was Alsa Unpad MUN when he won Best Position Paper, along with several awards such as Most Outstanding and Honorable mentions in several MUN such as Pelita Harapan Internasional MUN and Moestopo MUN. He has been chairing PresMUN and Bandung MUN.
He truly believes that PresMUN 2018 delegates can have great discussions, debates, and consensus on how to maintain the international peace on the curent issues and to decide the future for cyberwafare in the international community.
Halimah Dewi Irawan is an undergraduate student majoring in International Relations of President University. Having previously spent most of her schooling in the U.S., she has a large interest in international affairs as well as diplomatic issues around the world. Her Model UN journey started in her freshman year at university. Since then, she has joined several MUNs as a delegate of the UNSC and Press Corps with plans to join many more in the future. She is very excited to meet everyone at PresMun 2018 and wishes all UNSC delegates good luck in the discussion on Cyber Warfare!