United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) which seeks to build peace through international cooperation in education, the science and culture. Its programs contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) defined in Agenda 2030. One of its mandates is to support and promote comprehensive action focusing on the role and functions of public service, including the concern on the safety of journalists to foster the freedom of expression in all platforms for everyone. UNESCO is giving recommendations to its member-states by taking advice from national and international organization concerned with the issue, in form of a draft resolution.
Impunity for Crimes against Journalist (Freedom of Expression on Mass Media)
Landmark resolution has been adopted in the last decade across the UN system condemning violence against journalists and advocating for a safer environment for journalists, which reinforced UNESCO’s mandate on protecting freedom of expression and press freedom around the world. However, the safety of journalists remains an urgent concern across all regions in which the number of journalists killed in a five-year period has increased substantially. At the same time, the trends in arbitrary detention, abduction, and torture are repeatedly growing in some regions, the digital safety of journalists is continued to be undermined by surveillance and hacking from the state and non-state actors, while online harassment, especially against women journalists, has been increasingly reported as well. This presents the significant challenges for freedom of expression and the safety of journalists; how a key stakeholder responds to these challenges will hold a major impact on this case.